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Rachel Scott/ABC News(NEW YORK) -- Weddings and events often have the most beautiful floral arrangements, but after the event is over, the arrangements can end up in the trash.

Former event planner Jennifer Grove is working to end that with her company Repeat Roses, which gives event and wedding flowers a second chance by donating them to local nonprofits.

"We get handwritten cards from all of our organizations across the country that say, 'You know what, we were taking flowers to someone who was getting ready for their cancer treatment. We brought flowers to a gentleman who hasn't had a visitor in three weeks,' and just knowing we made a small difference in someone's life, that's meaningful to us," Grove said.

Repeat Roses doesn't just donate floral arrangements to those in need, the company also makes sure the flowers are properly recycled. The company recollects the donated flowers and composts them locally.

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Chesnot/Getty Images(NEW YORK) -- Facebook has taken the lion's share of scrutiny from Congress and the media for its data-handling practices that allow savvy marketers and political agents to target specific audiences, but it's far from alone.

YouTube, Google and Twitter also have giant platforms awash in more videos, posts and pages than any set of human eyes could ever check. Their methods of serving ads against this sea of content may come under the microscope next.

Advertising and privacy experts say a backlash is inevitable against a "Wild West" internet that has escaped scrutiny before. There continues to be a steady barrage of new examples where unsuspecting advertisers had their brands associated with extremist content on major platforms.

In the latest discovery, CNN reported that it found more than 300 retail brands, government agencies and technology companies had their ads run on YouTube channels that promoted white nationalists, Nazis, conspiracy theories and North Korean propaganda.

Child advocates have also raised alarms about the ease with which smartphone-equipped children are exposed to inappropriate videos and deceptive advertising.

"I absolutely think that Google is next and long overdue," said Josh Golin, director of the Boston-based Campaign for a Commercial-Free Childhood, which asked the Federal Trade Commission to investigate Google-owned YouTube's advertising and data-collection practices earlier this month.

YouTube has repeatedly outlined the ways it attempts to flag and delete hateful, violent, sexually explicit or harmful videos, but its screening efforts have often missed the mark.

It also allows advertisers to avoid running ads on sensitive content — like news or politics — that don't violate YouTube guidelines but don't fit with a company's brand. Those methods appear to have failed.

"YouTube has once again failed to correctly filter channels out of our marketing buys," said a statement Friday from 20th Century Fox Film, which learned that its ads were running on videos posted by a self-described Nazi. YouTube has since deleted the offending channel, but the Hollywood studio says it has unanswered questions about how it happened in the first place.

"All of our filters were in place in order to ensure that this did not happen," Fox said, adding it has asked for a refund of any money shared with the "abhorrent channel."

YouTube said Friday that it has made "significant changes to how we approach monetization," citing "stricter policies, better controls and greater transparency." It noted it allows advertisers to exclude certain channels from ads. It also removes ads when it's notified they are running beside content that doesn't comply with its policies.

"We are committed to working with our advertisers and getting this right," YouTube said.

So far, just one major advertiser — Baltimore-based sports apparel company Under Armour — had said it had withdrawn its advertising in the wake of the CNN report, though the lull lasted only a few days last week when it was first notified of the problem. After its shoe commercial turned up on a channel known for espousing white nationalist beliefs, Under Armour worked with YouTube to expand its filters to exclude certain topics and keywords.

On the other hand, Procter & Gamble, which had kept its ads off of YouTube since March 2017, said it had come back to the platform but drastically pared back the channels it would advertise on to under 10,000. It has worked on its own, with third parties, and with YouTube to create its restrictive list.

That's just a fraction of the some 3 million YouTube channels in the U.S. that accept ads, and is even more stringent than YouTube's "Google Preferred" lineup that focuses on the most-popular 5 percent of videos.

The CNN report was "an illustration of exactly why we needed to go above and beyond just what YouTube's plans were and why we needed to take more control of where our ads were showing up," said P&G spokeswoman Tressie Rose.

The big problem, experts say, is that advertisers lured by the reach and targeting capability of online platforms can mistakenly expect that the same standards for decency on network TV will apply online. In the same way, broadcast TV rules that require transparency about political ad buyers are absent on the web.

"There have always been regulations regarding appropriate conduct in content," says Robert Passikoff, president of Brand Keys Inc., a New York customer research firm. Regulating content on the internet is one area "that has gotten away from everyone."

Also absent from the internet are many of the rules that govern children's programming on television sets. TV networks, for instance, are allowed to air commercial breaks but cannot use kid-oriented characters to advertise products. Such "host-selling" runs rampant on internet services such as YouTube.

Action to remove ads from inappropriate content is mostly reactive because of lack of upfront control of what gets uploaded, and it generally takes the mass threat of boycott to get advertisers to demand changes, according to BrandSimple consultant Allen Adamson.

"The social media backlash is what you're worried about," he said.

At the same time, politicians are having trouble keeping up with the changing landscape, evident by how ill-informed many members of Congress appeared during questioning of Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg earlier this month.

"We're in the early stages of trying to figure out what kind of regulation makes sense here," said Larry Chiagouris, professor of marketing at Pace University in New York. "It's going to take quite some time to sort that out."

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WPVI-TV(NEW YORK) -- The Federal Aviation Administration issued an emergency order on Friday for airlines to inspect engines like the one involved in Tuesday's fatal incident involving Southwest Airlines Flight 1380, according to an FAA spokesperson.

Engines with more 30,000 total takeoffs and landings must be inspected within 20 days.

CFM International, the maker of the engines subject to the order, estimated 352 engines in the U.S. are affected and 681 worldwide.

The inspections will focus on the fan blades, the FAA said. The National Transportation Safety Board said an engine fan blade on Flight 1380 suffered metal fatigue before breaking.

The woman who died was sitting over the wing on the Boeing 737 when the engine failed and she was partially sucked out a broken window. Fellow passengers pulled the woman back in and attempted to revive her.

She later died.

Southwest already announced it was starting an “accelerated inspection” of its fleet after the deadly failure, and other airlines have announced their own inspection plans. American Airlines said it started additional inspections of its 737s before Tuesday's accident, while the directive was being debated.

In a letter to passengers obtained by ABC News, Southwest offered sincere apologies as well as a $5,000 check and the promise of a $1,000 travel voucher. The letter also states that the airline’s primary focus now is to assist the passengers who were aboard the flight in every way possible.

A Southwest Airlines official confirmed to ABC News that the letters were sent by the airline, but would not comment on the monetary compensation.

The NTSB investigation is expected to take 12 to 15 months.

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Charley Gallay/Getty Images for TWC(NEW YORK) -- Harvey Weinstein asked a federal bankruptcy court Friday to force The Weinstein Company to give him access to his email accounts and personal files.

Without them, Weinstein said in court documents obtained by ABC News, he cannot “exonerate himself.”

Weinstein made “multiple requests” for these emails and for his personal files but TWC either refused or imposed “incredulous conditions,” according to court documents.

“[TWC’s] continued refusal to permit Mr. Weinstein to access these emails has significantly impinged his ability to effectively defend himself,” his attorney Scott Cousins wrote.

Weinstein conceded in court documents he is under criminal investigation in New York, Los Angeles and London, and is the subject of pending and threatened civil litigation, all involving allegations of rampant sexual misconduct first detailed publicly by The New York Times and The New Yorker.

“By denying him access to potentially exculpatory emails, [TWC is] depriving Mr. Weinstein of his due process rights and preventing him from properly defending against these allegations,” Cousins wrote.

The Weinstein Company filed for bankruptcy after an attempt to sell the company to a group of investors that wanted to reconstitute it as a female-led studio failed.

Weinstein said the company has an interest in his “narrowly tailored request” since any successful civil lawsuit could devalue the remaining assets. If TWC does not grant access and Weinstein cannot use his emails to help refute factual allegations, Weinstein said it would be “to the detriment” of the estate and creditors.

Since last year, Weinstein, 65, has been accused by dozens of women of sexual misconduct, with several alleging sexual assault. Weinstein has denied all allegations of non-consensual sex. He is currently facing criminal investigations in several jurisdictions, as well as multiple lawsuits.

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Some of the nation's wealthiest donors are writing multimillion-dollar checks to support candidates during this midterm season in high stakes contests across the country.

While it's not unusual for uber-wealthy donors to gild the coffers of preferred candidates, the roster of rich donors often offers a glimpse of who is playing the role of kingmaker in elections and, sometimes, who might be interested in ensuring that their political interests are heard. By the end of 2014, just five donors poured nearly $135 million into federal elections, according to an analysis of Federal Election Commission data by the Center for Responsive Politics.

So far this election cycle, 17 megadonors have given more than $100 million to candidates, party committees, super PACs, and outside groups. And six people have spent nearly more than $67 million so far this cycle in the battle to control Congress.

Here are the top six contributors thus far.

1. Richard Uihlein: $25.3 million

The single biggest donor this election cycle, Richard “Dick” Uihlein, has quickly become a GOP power player in the past couple of years.

He and his wife Liz Uihlein, co-founders of Wisconsin-based shipping company Uline, together donated more than $25 million already so far this election cycle.

Uihlein’s biggest focus so far this cycle has been on supporting Republican Kevin Nicholson's bid to unseat Democratic incumbent Sen. Tammy Baldwin in the Wisconsin Senate race. He is involved in almost every single one of the top spending super PACs supporting Nicholson.

Pretty early on in the election cycle, Uihlein dropped seven-figure checks totaling $3.5 million to a single-candidate super PAC operating exclusively in support of Nicholson called Solutions for Wisconsin. Two of the biggest spenders in the race, Americas PAC and Restoration PAC, are also almost exclusively funded by Uihlein.

Outside groups funded by Uihlein together have spent more than $6.1 million in the Wisconsin Senate race so far this year and pro-Baldwin groups have ramped up their spending to try and compete.

The face-off has resulted in a pricey contest that has attracted the largest amount of spending from outside groups. The Wisconsin race has already seen nearly $10 million in outside money.

2. Tom Steyer: $16 million

California billionaire Tom Steyer, who topped individual contributions two consecutive election cycles in a row, is leading the charge from the Democratic side again.

So far this election cycle, Tom Steyer and his wife Kathryn Steyer together have donated nearly $16 million, and the number is expected to only go up. A leading voice in the “impeach Trump now” movement, Tom Steyer has pledged to pour an additional $30 million to flipping the lower chamber to a Democratic majority.

Steyer has been active in donating money directly to campaigns, but the vast majority of his big checks have gone to NextGen Climate Action, a super PAC he set up to push forward his political and environmentalist agendas. NextGen Climate Action has been active in organizing its own issue campaigns as well as donating to other liberal groups.

3. George Soros: $7.7 million

George Soros, a business magnate, and a long-time Democratic contributor recently started ramping up his political spending. He dropped a $3 million check in late March to a newly formed super PAC called Win Justice, which has not reported any activities as of yet.

He is the sole contributor to the super PAC so far.

He has also given millions to groups tied to the Democratic Party, including $1 million to the Senate Majority PAC and $380,000 to the American Bridge 21st Century. National Democratic Party committees also received a total of $537,100 from Soros.

George Soros' son, Alexander George Soros, has been following his father's steps to as a big contributor for the Democrats. He recently dropped a $2 million check to the Senate Majority PAC, and also has donated a total of $135,600 to the Democratic National Committee.

4. Donald Sussman: $8.2 million

Hedge-fund manager Donald Sussman, who donated more than $20 million to a pro-Clinton super PAC during the 2016 election cycle, has been a long-time fundraiser and generous benefactor for the Democratic side.

So far this election cycle, the Florida businessman has funneled $6.1 million to more than 150 Democratic campaigns, party committees, and outside groups. He donated $3.2 million to Senate Majority PAC and House Majority PAC, two super PACs with ties to the Democratic leadership in both the upper and the lower chambers.

5. Bernard Marcus: $5.5 million

Home Depot co-founder Bernard Marcus is the biggest financier for the Senate Leadership Fund, a super PAC with ties to Sen. Mitch McConnell, R-Ky. So far this election cycle, he has donated a total of $4 million to the pro-GOP Senate group.

He has been a big contributor for other Republican groups as well, donating $754,600 to the House counterpart Congressional Leadership Fund, $247,700 to Team Ryan and $204,500 to the Republican National Committee, National Republican Congressional Committee, and National Republican Senatorial Committee.

He also donated $300,000 to the John Bolton Super PAC and $250,000 to 35th, Inc., a super PAC that has been supporting Patrick Morrisey in a West Virginia House race.

Home Depot’s political action committee has also donated more than $1.7 million to party committees and candidates, the bulk of that has also gone to Democrats.

6. Fred Eychaner: $4.6 million

Media mogul Fred Eychaner has been exerting his political power mostly through donating to Democratic leadership groups.

He gave $2 million each to the Senate Majority PAC and the House Majority PAC towards the end of last year and has given a total of $474,600 to the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee and $237,300 to the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee.

Some big political names are either far down the list or aren’t even on the list, but that doesn’t necessarily mean that they aren’t invested in the upcoming midterms.

Robert Mercer, who has donated about $3.7 million so far this cycle, has continued to boost his influence through his political group, Club for Growth, which has already reported spending more than $3.1 million this election cycle.

Likewise, the Koch network and its super PAC, Freedom Partners Action Fund, has stockpiled more than $13 million for the upcoming elections, including $3 million from the Charles G. Koch Trust. Americans for Prosperity, another conservative group funded by the Koch brothers, have also spent millions on ads though most of the expenditures have not been reported to the FEC as they don't fall under FEC reporting requirements.

Former White House Deputy Chief of Staff under George W. Bush, Karl Rove, known for his political operations through American Crossroads, has also been funneling more than $15 million to the Congressional Leadership Fund in an effort keep the Republican majority in the lower chamber.

Some other megadonors simply seem to be staying put.

Las Vegas casino mogul Sheldon Adelson, who has donated only about $251,000 with his wife Miriam Adelson so far this election cycle, had poured more than $91 million and $82 million each during the 2012 and 2016 presidential election cycles, but only spent $6 million during the 2014 midterms.

Bloomberg L.P. CEO and former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg, who had donated $30 million during the 2014 midterms, has invested only about $508,000 so far this cycle.

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Wall Street closed in the red on Friday as technology stocks suffered from Apple's sliding shares.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average slipped 201.95 (-0.82 percent) to finish the session at 24,462.94.

The Nasdaq sunk 91.93 (-1.27 percent) to close at 7,146.13, while the S&P 500 finished trading at 2,670.14, down 22.99 (-0.85 percent) for the day.

Crude oil prices remained flat at over $68 per barrel.

Winners and Losers: Shares of Apple tumbled 4.10 percent, dragging the tech-heavy Nasdaq lower. Morgan Stanley lowered the stock's price target, predicting weaker iPhone sales this summer.

General Electric's quarterly earnings topped investors' expectations and its stock climbed 3.93 percent.

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- One of the nation’s most iconic urban spaces is kicking out cars.

For a trial period that starts in June, vehicles will no longer be allowed to drive through New York’s Central Park, save for cross-town transverses at 97th, 86th, 79th and 65th Streets.

“This park was not built for automobiles. It was built before there were automobiles,” New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio said Friday.

Cars have been allowed on a loop drive shared with pedestrians and cyclists south of 72nd Street during certain hours. Loop drives above 72nd Street were closed to vehicular traffic permanently in 2015.

“For more than a century, cars have turned parts of the world’s most iconic park into a highway. Today we take it back,” de Blasio said.

Central Park without cars, the Parks Department said, would be cleaner and safer.

“Central Park is not just one of New York’s favorite parks – it’s one of the most-beloved, most-recognized parks in the entire world,” said Parks Commissioner Mitchell J. Silver. “Now, we’re making history by demonstrating just how clean, accessible, and safe an urban park can be.”

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Justin Sullivan/Getty Images(NEW YORK) -- Wells Fargo agreed Friday to pay $1 billion to settle with two U.S. regulators who accused the nation’s third largest bank of abusing its customers.

The settlement comes two years after Wells Fargo was found to have opened millions of accounts in customers’ names that they did not know about or want.

The amount of the settlement is the largest imposed on a bank under the Trump administration. It will be split between the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency and the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.

“It’s a serious matter and I think the amount of the settlement reflects that,” CFPB interim director Mick Mulvaney told ABC News. “While the CFPB will be working to try to reduce unnecessary regulations on the industry that doesn’t mean that folks will be free to abuse consumers.”

Wells Fargo charged improper fees and imposed other unwanted expenses on customers in its auto and home lending divisions, CFPB and OCC said. By some estimates more than a million customers were affected.

“For more than a year and a half, we have made progress on strengthening operational processes, internal controls, compliance and oversight, and delivering on our promise to review all of our practices and make things right for our customers,” Timothy J. Sloan, president and chief executive officer of Wells Fargo, said in a statement.

The settlement represents CFPB’s first enforcement action under Mulvaney, a critic of the bureau who requested zero additional funding for it.

“Anybody who was concerned that we may not be interested in enforcing the law should probably get a different message from this settlement,” Mulvaney said. “We’re going to enforce the law and there may be places where I interpret that differently than my predecessor in terms of pushing the envelope but I don’t think anyone would contend the action against Wells was pushing the envelope.”

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Anne Wojcicki isn’t a typical CEO.

The 44-year-old mother of two who runs the consumer genetics and research company 23andMe, reportedly valued at over $1 billion, prefers a uniform of Lululemon shorts, bikes to work every day -- unless it’s raining -- and didn’t exactly set out on the executive path.

“I was in college. I didn't know that there were real jobs. I think about how naive I was on the job development process,” Wojcicki says on an episode of ABC Radio’s “No Limits with Rebecca Jarvis” podcast.

Wojcicki says she grew up in an “academic environment.” Her father was the chair of the physics department at Stanford University and her mother, Esther Wojcicki, is a renowned journalism teacher.

Her parents raised three successful daughters: Susan Wojcicki is CEO of YouTub and Dr. Janet Wojcicki is an anthropologist and epidemiologist at UCSF.

Growing up they were taught “to just be curious and to problem solve.”

As a child, Wojcicki loved science and recalls a definitive moment from Kindergarten when she first learned about DNA.

"My sister was talking about genes and I kept staring at her. I was like, 'But you have shorts on,'" she recalled. "It was because they were talking about DNA. And that was the first time I ever heard about DNA and I was fascinated. Absolutely fascinating that there's like this thing inside you and you could discover it."

When it came time to apply for jobs after college, Wojcicki, who studied biology at Yale University, didn’t have a clear idea of what she wanted to do.

“My mom was like, ‘Just interview for a bunch of stuff and see.’ And I very randomly got this job offer for the Wallenberg family in Sweden as an analyst," she said. "I had no idea what it was."

"And I kind of took the job mostly because I wanted to wear Ann Taylor clothing, like I thought it would be fun to dress up,” Wojcicki told Jarvis, laughing at the memory.

She spent nearly a decade working in healthcare investing, focusing primarily on biotechnology companies. She says the information she learned on the job was invaluable.

“In some ways, as an analyst on Wall Street, I couldn't have asked for a better training because here I was at 22 and I had this opportunity to study every single healthcare company out there. I always felt like my 10 years on Wall Street was like getting a Ph.D. and then a postdoc,” Wojcicki said.

She loved some aspects of the job: studying healthcare companies, learning the science behind the work they were doing, and speaking to CEOs and even Nobel Prize winners. But she became disillusioned about the healthcare industry as a whole.

“The big conclusion that I learned was, this was a system that does not reflect what's in my best interest. I loved the research and that element but I also just started to feel like this is a system that was taking advantage of people,” Wojcicki recalls.

Keeping her day job, she began to volunteer in hospitals at night and she saw firsthand how patients struggled with astronomical medical bills. Her tipping point? A conference about insurance reimbursement.

“All these people were at this meeting just to figure out how to optimize billing. How can you bill more for every procedure? And I just realized, I’m done. It was that moment where I was like, 'The system's never going to change from within, [and] so many people make money on the inefficiencies of health care,'" she said. "And I felt like that was the end. I know how the system works. I'm going to try to make a difference.”

Wojcicki left her lucrative career on Wall Street to launch 23andMe, a genetic testing and research company that offers affordable, home-based saliva collection kits to provide customers with access to their genetic information. This includes reports on traits, wellness, carrier status and genetic ancestry.

They also offer customers the option to opt into research participation.

“23andMe was intentionally set out to be very different than every other company I'd ever researched because I wanted to reflect what's in the best interests of the customer, the consumer and to actually try and help people be healthy,” Wojcicki said.

Now 12 years old, 23andMe has built one of the largest databases of individual genetic information and has raised almost $500 million in venture capital funds, according to the company.

But it wasn’t without setbacks. In 2013, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) demanded that 23andMe stop marketing their kits, citing “potential health consequences” resulting from “false positive or false negative assessments.”

The FDA had classified 23andMe’s Saliva Collection Kit and Personal Genome Service as a “medical device” and claimed it had not been “analytically or clinically validated” for the intended use. Some experts worry that people get the genetic advice without enough interpretation about what to do with the information.

“I always argued we had the right intentions but ... I realize now we didn't know how to communicate," Wojcicki said of the FDA controversy. "So it was a moment, it was definitely a shock.”

Wojcicki became committed to working with the FDA, following their guidelines and, in 2015, 23andMe received authorization for its first genetics test for Bloom syndrome. In 2017, the FDA approved 23andMe's offer of 10 genetic health risk reports, including late-onset Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease and celiac disease.

And earlier this year, the company received the first-ever FDA authorization for direct-to-consumer genetic test for cancer risk for its BRCA1/BRCA2 report.

For Wojcicki, her success and the success of her company is about determination.

“There's very few cases where there's overnight success. We've been working on all of our approvals. Like BRCA ... we've worked on this for years. So sometimes it just takes a lot of work to get something done," she said. "And one thing I advise to entrepreneurs is you have to stick with it. Success comes from actually, like really sticking with it.”

And her advice to those just starting out?

"Everything when you're 22 is interesting. It doesn't matter what job you take. Just take a job where you're going to learn something and then keep learning. And the minute you stop learning get a different job," she advised. "Every job I ever had contributed to who I am today and what I've learned."

Hear more of Anne Wojcicki's interview on "No Limits With Rebecca Jarvis," available on Apple Podcasts, Stitcher, Google Play Music, Spotify, TuneIn and the ABC News app.

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Female representation in the sciences, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) has improved somewhat, but a new study looked at the authors of millions of articles and found there is still more work to be done in promoting women in academia.

"Of the gender-biased disciplines, almost all are moving towards parity, though some are predicted to take decades or even centuries to reach it," Dr. Cindy Hauser, senior research fellow in mathematics at the University of Melbourne and one of the authors on the study, said in a statement.

Women were significantly underrepresented as senior authors on studies, according to the study published Thursday in the journal PLOS Biology.

The fields with the lowest amount of female representation were: Physics, computer science, mathematics, surgery and chemistry.

The study, conducted at the University of Melbourne, found 87 out of the 115 identified STEM disciplines had fewer than 45 percent of authors who were female.

Researchers used a computer algorithm to search through almost 11 million academic publications listed on 2 major science databases, PubMed and arXiv, which track more than 6,000 STEM journals. They identified 50 million authors -- and the computer assigned a gender to almost 37 million.

From that data, they produced a series of gender ratios: The percentage of women who were lead authors of research or senior authors of research, which publications published research and how often women were invited to write editorials, conduct reviews or provide commentary.

The team projected how long it would take to reach gender parity by field.

Physics, for instance, showed only 13 percent of senior positions held by women -- a gap that they forecasted to take 258 years to close.

The team chose to focus on academic publications, since they are currently the primary means of disseminating scientific knowledge and the principal measure of research productivity, thereby influencing the career prospects and visibility of women in STEM, said Dr. Devi Stuart-Fox, an author on the study and evolutionary biologist at the University of Melbourne.

The gender gap was noted to be even wider at more prestigious journals, such as Nature, Lancet, New England Journal of Medicine and the British Medical Journal. The calculations showed the higher the journal's stature and impact, the less women were represented.

The authors think this could be for several reasons: Prestigious journals receive numerous submissions, so editors reject many publications without blind peer review, disadvantaging women as names are visible on the first review.

Women may be less likely to be mentored or encouraged to submit their work to more prestigious publications. Prestigious journals also publish more invited submissions, which in this dataset showed men were 1.7 to 2.1 times more likely to be invited to submit work for a publication.

The authors hope their research promotes more reforms in academic STEM to move closer towards gender parity. To help in the process, the researchers have also made their data and findings free and publically available to access online -- and suggested the data could help find ways to change the selection process.

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Homeroom Restaurant(OAKLAND, Calif.) -- Chrissel Orcino had a "code red" at one of her tables.

When Orcino, a server at the Oakland, California, restaurant Homeroom, went to pick up the check for her table of three -- two men and one woman -- something alarming happened.

A man was eager to pay for the tab of the entire table, Orcino said and reached into her apron pocket with his credit card.

“I could, like, feel his, like, hand move all the way down to the bottom of the pocket with his card,” Orcino, 28, recalled.

Orcino was in total shock.

“He could’ve just handed me his card or went up to the register and paid for the whole table,” she said. “It was pretty traumatic to have somebody touch me out of nowhere.”

But instead of explaining to her manager the details of what happened, Orcino told him she had a code red, and he knew what to do.
That’s because, at Homeroom, the staff has a system in place to categorize different types of customer behavior, like Orcino’s experience.

The Management Alert Color System, known as MACS because they’re a mac and cheese restaurant, has three tiers: yellow, orange and red.

“Yellow is just where someone gets a creepy vibe. Nothing has happened. An orange is where they’ve said something that’s a little bit borderline -- like it could be sexual harassment, it could not be. Like, ‘Hey I love your shirt.’ Right? It could sort of go either way,” Erin Wade, co-founder and chief executive of Homeroom, explained. “And a red is something that’s overtly sexual, like, ‘Hey, you look super sexy in that.’ Or where someone touches someone else.”


A staff member doesn’t have to explain the experience to their manager. All they have to do is report the color, and there’s an automatic action that the manager must take.
In the case of a code yellow, the server can choose if they want a manager to take over the table, and if they report an orange, the manager will automatically take it over. With a code red, the customer is asked to leave.

New hires are introduced to MACS at their orientation and are empowered to bring up potentially problematic behavior and situations in or around the restaurant with their manager, whether it’s involving customers, vendors or a delivery driver.


Watch "My Reality: A Hidden America," a special report by ABC News' Diane Sawyer for "20/20" airing on Friday, April 20 at 10 p.m. ET


“All they have to do is come up to me and say, ‘I have a code yellow at a table, and I just don’t feel comfortable serving them.’ And I don’t even have to ask them questions about what happened. I just say, ‘ Not a problem. I’m happy to step in and take over that table so you don’t have to deal with it,’” said Kale Irwin, a Homeroom manager.

The anti-harassment system was started a few years ago when the staff felt they were having a hard time communicating to management when an experience with sexual harassment or other problematic behavior was occurring.

Since the introduction of MACS, Wade says, Homeroom has had fewer code reds, because, “It seems to stem harassment at a really early level.”

For Orcino, the system helped her in a moment she was too distressed to explain her own emotions, let alone what happened when that male customer reached into her apron.

“In any other situation, if we didn’t have the system, then I would have to explain the whole thing and go through the whole process, and in a time when we’re really busy and I can’t even process my own emotions,” Orcino said. “This incident with this guest happened so fast, so abruptly, that I was completely in shock.”



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iStock/Thinkstock(JURONG WEST, Singapore) -- Taking hours to set up IKEA furniture or fearing losing all the screws and fixtures could be a thing of the past, sometime in the near future.

Scientists at the Nanyang Technological University’s School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering in Singapore said they have created a robot designed to do the job -- and it's already built an IKEA chair.

In just over eight minutes, the robot set up IKEA’s Stefan chair, the research team at NTU said in a statement.

“For a robot, putting together an IKEA chair with such precision is more complex than it looks,” Pham said in the statement. “The job of assembly, which may come naturally to humans, has to be broken down into different steps, such as identifying where the different chair parts are, the force required to grip the parts, and making sure the robotic arms move without colliding into each other. Through considerable engineering effort, we developed algorithms that will enable the robot to take the necessary steps to assemble the chair on its own.”

The robot includes a 3D camera and two robotic arms with fingers, or “grippers,” that give it the ability to pick up and put down objects, according to Assistant Professor Pham Quang Cuong and his team.

Sensors on the robot can “precisely and consistently detect holes” on the chair, allowing for “tight insertions,” according to the release.

Looking into the future, the team said it hopes to take the successful technology of the chair-building robot to other industries, including automotive and aircraft manufacturing.

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Xinhua/Wang Ying/Getty Images(NEW YORK) -- The "Fearless Girl" is moving.

The popular statue is done staring down the "Charging Bull" on Broadway and will take a stand in front of the New York Stock Exchange, Mayor Bill de Blasio and State Street Global Advisors, the firm that commissioned the statue, announced Thursday.

“Since Fearless Girl’s placement, more than 150 companies have added a female director to their boards,” State Street Global Advisors Chief Cyrus Taraporevala said. “Our hope is that by moving her closer to the NYSE, she will encourage more companies to take action and, more broadly, that she will continue to inspire people from all walks of life on the issue of gender diversity.”

Created by sculptor Kristen Visbal, "Fearless Girl" was originally installed on Wall Street on the eve of International Women’s Day in 2017, accompanied by a call on the companies in which State Street Global Advisors invests to increase the number of women on their corporate boards.

“We are proud to be home to the Fearless Girl,” Mayor de Blasio said. “She is a potent symbol of the need for change at the highest levels of corporate America -- and she will become a durable part of our city’s civic life.”

The city thought the statue, currently on the Bowling Green median, needed a safer home because visitors often spill out onto crowded Broadway. It is also considering whether to move the Charging Bull as well because of pedestrian safety concerns.

"Fearless Girl" has not been without controversy. The artist behind the bull statue complained that it infringed on his work. But State Street said it has seen results from its campaign --152 companies have added a woman to their corporate boards, Taraporevala said.

A spokesman for Mayor de Blasio said the girl and the bull may be reunited soon.

“The Bull will almost certainly be moved and will very likely wind up reunited with Fearless Girl,” de Blasio’s spokesman, Eric Phillips, wrote on Twitter. “It’s tricky and some things still need to be sorted out.”

Copyright © 2018, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

 

 

(NEW YORK) -- The "Fearless Girl" is moving.

 

The popular statue is done staring down the "Charging Bull" on Broadway and will take a stand in front of the New York Stock Exchange, Mayor Bill de Blasio and State Street Global Advisors, the firm that commissioned the statue, announced Thursday.

 

 

“Since Fearless Girl’s placement, more than 150 companies have added a female director to their boards,” State Street Global Advisors Chief Cyrus Taraporevala said. “Our hope is that by moving her closer to the NYSE, she will encourage more companies to take action and, more broadly, that she will continue to inspire people from all walks of life on the issue of gender diversity.”

 

 

Created by sculptor Kristen Visbal, "Fearless Girl" was originally installed on Wall Street on the eve of International Women’s Day in 2017, accompanied by a call on the companies in which State Street Global Advisors invests to increase the number of women on their corporate boards.

 

“We are proud to be home to the Fearless Girl,” Mayor de Blasio said. “She is a potent symbol of the need for change at the highest levels of corporate America -- and she will become a durable part of our city’s civic life.”

 

 

The city thought the statue, currently on the Bowling Green median, needed a safer home because visitors often spill out onto crowded Broadway. It is also considering whether to move the Charging Bull as well because of pedestrian safety concerns.

 

"Fearless Girl" has not been without controversy. The artist behind the bull statue complained that it infringed on his work. But State Street said it has seen results from its campaign --152 companies have added a woman to their corporate boards, Taraporevala said.

 

A spokesman for Mayor de Blasio said the girl and the bull may be reunited soon.

 

“The Bull will almost certainly be moved and will very likely wind up reunited with Fearless Girl,” de Blasio’s spokesman, Eric Phillips, wrote on Twitter. “It’s tricky and some things still need to be sorted out.”

 

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ABC News(PHILADELPHIA) -- The two black men who were arrested at a Starbucks in downtown Philadelphia last week and accused of trespassing said they were there for a business meeting that they hoped would change their lives.

Rashon Nelson and Donte Robinson came forward Thursday morning on ABC News' Good Morning America to publicly share their story for the first time.

The entrepreneurs and longtime friends said they were waiting to meet a potential business partner at the Starbucks in Philadelphia's Rittenhouse Square neighborhood when they saw police officers enter the store and speak with the manager.

"I was thinking, 'They can't be here for us,'" Robinson said in the interview with GMA Co-Anchor Robin Roberts.

The pair didn't think anything of it until the officers approached their table and told them they needed to leave, they said.

"It was just, 'Get out. You have to leave. You're not buying anything, so you shouldn't be here,'" Nelson told GMA.

They calmly told the officers they were there for a meeting, and Robinson said he even called the person they were waiting for. But the officers repeatedly insisted that they leave, they said.

"This is a real estate meeting. We’ve been working on this for months," Nelson said. "We're days away from changing our whole entire situation, our lives, and you about to sit here telling me I can’t do that? You’re not doing that."

The officers ultimately handcuffed Nelson and Robinson, and escorted them out of the Starbucks and into a squad car before taking them to the police station. An onlooker captured the incident on video, which went viral and prompted Starbucks CEO Kevin Johnson to release a statement saying the "reprehensible outcome" should have never happened.

Robinson said police never read them their Miranda rights when they were handcuffed and they were held in custody for eight hours.

"There was no reasoning,” he said. “They had nothing. They just kept using 'defiant trespassing' as their excuse for putting us behind bars.”

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ABC(NEW YORK) -- When recording artist and audio engineer Tiffany Miranda walks into a studio, she's used to standing out.

"As a woman, some of the challenges I faced were just people walking in the door and asking where the engineer is while I was sitting right behind the mixing console," said Miranda, whose work has appeared on American Idol and X-Factor. She has collaborated with many artists and producers, including Rick Ross and DJ Khaled.

"A lot of guys weren't really used to seeing girls behind the boards," she said.

But Miranda didn't want to accept that as the status quo. Instead, she decided to work toward correcting the gender disparity in music production by founding Girls Make Beats, an organization dedicated to helping young girls interested in becoming music producers.

The group hosts educational seminars, summer camps and networking events -- all with the goal of helping girls further their careers in music.

"Girls Make Beats came about because of my own personal story and struggles in the music industry," Miranda said. "I found out very early on that it was tough for girls to break into music technology fields, and there's actually never been a woman to win a Grammy for their music production -- ever."

The numbers back up Miranda's experience. Female songwriters and producers are outnumbered by men, according to a University of South Carolina Annenberg report conducted between 2012 to 2017. Female songwriters and producers made up only 12.3 percent of songwriters for the top 600 songs of the last six years. Also among the findings: Two percent of producers across 300 songs were female, translating into a major gender ratio of 49 males to every female.

"When I was growing up, there were literally no women that I could look up to and aspire to be -- the next big audio engineer, that next big music producer," she said. "So with Girls Make Beats, we're out there -- we're bringing the program to these girls and their schools. We're introducing them to these really cool and fun fields like DJing, music production and audio engineering, and getting them excited about it from an early age."

The organization started in Miami, but recently opened a chapter in Los Angeles and is organizing programs in several major cities across the United States.

The program aims to help young girls such as 11-year-old Bella Villa, whose nickname is DJ Bella.

"I knew there wasn't a lot of female DJs, and I wanted to finally become one," she said. "My favorite part was learning how to mix songs together."

Working alongside other young girls with the same goals has helped 16-year-old Jerica Hatcher, also known as DJ Blessed, gain confidence in her skills.

"My favorite part of the program is just being here with the girls, coming together to make music that people will want to hear," she said.

Miranda believes that the benefits of the programs extend beyond music production. Regardless of what career the girls pursue, she said she hopes they will carry the sense of accomplishment from Girl Makes Beats with them.

"It's really about the confidence that they build and knowing that they can tackle anything that they put their minds to," she said.

Miranda's advice to young girls is to be persistent and don't take "no" for an answer.

"Never wait for your opportunities, but create them," she said. "When you hear 'no,' that's OK. That means 'not now.' That means go work on your craft. Make another beat. Go do something that's going to be proactive in getting you to the next step."

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